Central African Republic: Situation report, July 21, 2021 – Central African Republic

STRONG POINTS

  • Thousands of internally displaced people forced to leave their Bambari site in the center of the country, after threats followed by serious violations of international humanitarian law.

  • The Ministry of Health said 78,695 people were vaccinated against COVID-19 in 10 prefectures and the capital Bangui between May 20 and June 23, 2021.

  • The explosive devices killed at least 24 people while preventing access to those in need.

  • During the first quarter of 2021, humanitarian actors succeeded in providing assistance to 1.2 million people in an increasingly volatile security context.

  • To meet the most urgent needs in 2021, humanitarian partners plan to assist 1.84 million people, for what they will need $ 444.7 million.

KEY FIGURES

4.9 million Population

2.8 million People in need of humanitarian assistance

1.84M People targeted for assistance in 2021

1.6M People assisted in 2020

2.29 million Food insecure people (April-August 2021)

717K Internally displaced persons (June 30, 2021)

701K Central African refugees

11102 Covid-19 case

98 COVID-19 related deaths

FINANCING (2021)

$ 444.8 million required
$ 211.9 million received
48%

EMERGENCY RESPONSE

8,500 internally displaced people forced to leave the Bambari breeding site

More than 8,500 people who lived at the Displaced Livestock site in Bambari in the Ouaka prefecture in the center of the country, mostly of Fulani ethnicity, were again forcibly displaced to neighborhoods in the city. On June 4, armed elements threatened displaced people at the site and committed serious violations of international humanitarian law. Two days later, the breeding site was set on fire in circumstances which remain to be clarified. Fearing for their safety, some inhabitants of Mbiande and Kombélé, villages located 20 km from Bambari on the Bambari-Ippy axis, also moved to Mbagolo at the same time. 5,900 of the internally displaced persons from the breeding site now live in close proximity to the premises of the Bambari mosque and more than 2,000 others in host families, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees ( UNHCR).

Respond to urgent needs

A rapid needs assessment conducted on June 7 by humanitarian partners OCHA, UNHCR, WFP, Triangle (TGH), INTERSOS, ACTED, COOPI and PARET found that the displaced were in urgent need of water, household items and supplies. basic, food, education and protection. On the same day, an international organization began distributing 40,000 liters of water per day to displaced people in the mosque and surrounding neighborhoods, as well as to host communities. NGOs MSF and TGH installed nine latrines in the mosque, in addition to the existing three, and provided disinfectants and hand washing facilities. MSF is also ensuring the sanitation of the mosque, using a dedicated site identified by the authorities for waste disposal. The NGO COOPI, with the support of the World Food Program (WFP), on 9 June distributed 8.9 tonnes of high-energy biscuits, i.e. a three-day ration, followed by the distribution of food vouchers for a ration. one month for all 8,500 displaced people. More than 400 children have also received nutritional supplements from WFP. IDPs housed at the mosque also received non-food items from UNHCR, including tarpaulins, mosquito nets, cooking utensils and soap. To guarantee the displaced persons’ access to health services, MSF moved its malaria treatment center to the mosque that the NGO had managed on the Livestock site before it was burnt down. IMC and MSF are also continuing their usual support to health facilities in the city where displaced people can access free health care. In favor of reproductive health, the NGO AID with the support of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), distributed sanitary products, including sanitary napkins, napkins, buckets, soap and loincloth at 100 vulnerable women. In response to suspected measles cases among internally displaced people at the mosque and one confirmed case in the neighborhoods, MSF vaccinated more than 2,380 children aged 6 months to 15 years.

The school at the displaced livestock site was destroyed by fire and the school at the mosque serves as a refuge for internally displaced persons, leaving more than 800 children without access to education. In response, the local school board and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) have integrated the majority of students into nearby schools, where they are currently taking end-of-year exams. The NGOs APADE and JRS distributed school supplies to nearly 2,700 children, including IDPs. Despite these efforts to keep children in school, cases of dropping out of school have been noted, but their extent remains to be determined.

On June 11, the Humanitarian Coordinator allocated US $ 12 million from the Humanitarian Fund to cover urgent needs in areas of high vulnerability and where the resurgence of violence has exacerbated humanitarian and protection needs. This funding enabled the coordination and management of IDP camps (CCCM) and the provision of non-food items to IDPs in Bambari.

Protection remains the main concern

Although displaced people need assistance, their protection remains a major concern. Some of them feel threatened by attacks from armed groups, making host families less inclined to offer them shelter. The NGO INTERSOS monitors protection incidents within the mosque compound and other areas hosting displaced people, while MercyCorps implements gender-based violence (GBV) prevention activities. With the support of UNICEF, the NGO Espérance is setting up mobile spaces adapted to children which offer playful psychosocial support services to children and make their parents aware of protection issues.


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